Pitsch, Karola; Vollmer, Anna-Lisa; Fritsch, Jannik; Wrede, Britta; Rohlfing, Katharina; Sagerer, Gerhard:
On the loop of action modification and the recipient's gaze in adult-child interaction
In: Gesture and Speech in Interaction: GESPIN - 1st GESPIN Conference: Poznań, Poland, 24-26 September 2009 - 2009
2009book article/chapter in Proceedings
Communication StudiesFaculty of Humanities » Institut für Kommunikationswissenschaft
Title:
On the loop of action modification and the recipient's gaze in adult-child interaction
Author:
Pitsch, KarolaORCID iDLSF; Vollmer, Anna-Lisa; Fritsch, Jannik; Wrede, Britta; Rohlfing, Katharina; Sagerer, Gerhard

Abstract:

Learning is a social endeavor, in which the learner generally receives support from his/her social partner(s). In developmental research – even though tutors/adults behavior modifications in their speech, gestures and motions have been extensively studied, studies barely consider the recipient’s (i.e. the child’s) perspective in the analysis of the adult’s presentation, In addition, the variability in parental behavior, i.e. the fact that not every parent modifies her/his behavior in the same way, found less fine-grained analysis. In contrast, in this paper, we assume an interactional perspective investigating the loop between the tutor’s and the learner’s actions. With this approach, we aim both at discovering the levels and features of variability and at achieving a better understanding of how they come about within the course of the interaction. For our analysis, we used a combination of (1) qualitative investigation derived from ethnomethodological Conversation Analysis (CA), (2) semi-automatic computational 2D hand tracking and (3) a mathematically based visualization of the data. Our analysis reveals that tutors not only shape their demonstrations differently with regard to the intended recipient per se (adult-directed vs. child-directed), but most importantly that the learner’s feedback during the presentation is consequential for the concrete ways in which the presentation is carried out.